News 2011 Piaggio MP3 Hybrid 300 | Euro Preview

2011 Piaggio MP3 Hybrid 300 | Euro Preview

Hybrid Scooter

The Piaggio Group presents the MP3 Hybrid, the world’s first hybrid scooter and a vehicle destined to revolutionise urban mobility.

This is not just a “scooter with two powerplants”, but a highly advanced vehicle supplements a low environmental impact conventional internal combustion engine with a zero emissions electric motor, summing the advantages of the two units.

Adopting uniquely exclusive technology – this is the first vehicle in the entire automotive sector using lithium ion batteries, which can also be charged from the mains – Piaggio Mp3 Hybrid reduces both fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions by more than 50%, complementing the already enviable attributes in terms of technology, safety and rider enjoyment that make the Piaggio Mp3 – the revolutionary three-wheeled scooter – such a hit.

Scooters have come to symbolise urban mobility: it is the ideal tool for carving easily through the congested traffic of the big city, but also the perfect vehicle for enjoyable weekend excursions.

In recent years, however, the need to reduce harmful airborne emissions has led to the creation of ever larger restricted traffic areas. Often, even scooters are prohibited from accessing these areas in Europe.

Electric vehicles were created in response to this which, thanks to their zero emissions powerplants, are allowed everywhere. Both internal and electric units have their own advantages and drawbacks.

In many cases, however, the advantages of one compensates for the drawbacks of the other: on the one hand, internal combustion engines offer generous range, power and flexibility, but are penalised by their exhaust emissions (in spite of today’s strict Euro 3 regulations); while on the other, the zero emissions and impressive standing start acceleration of an electric motor come at the cost of limited battery range and top speed.

With the Piaggio Mp3 Hybrid, you no longer have to choose between performance and ecology, between a vehicle for accessing the city centre and one capable of longer journeys, even beyond the city limits.

Mp3 Hybrid is powered by a revolutionary hybrid drive system developed first by the Piaggio Group for a two-wheeled application and combining the advantages of a petrol engine with those of an electric motor.

The Hybrid solution does not simply offer two separate power choices, but also integrates them into a single sophisticated system combining the power of the internal combustion engine with the extraordinary environmental advantages of an electric motor.

Mp3 Hybrid is fun and safe on the open road, where it shows off the superior dynamic capabilities of the Piaggio Mp3, but can also access restricted traffic areas:two scooters in one, for safe, simple, economical and fun mobility.

Piaggio MP3 Hybrid now makes hybrid technology accessible to everyone, offering the possibility of environmentally friendly mobility to an ever larger user base.

The Piaggio MP3 Hybrid uses extremely innovative, avant-garde technical solutions but remains incredibly easy and intuitive to use. In addition to the normal controls, a special selector also lets the rider choose from four operating modes for the vehicle: with two hybrid and full electric modes (including reverse).

MP3 Hybrid manages the power delivered from the petrol and electric units with a Ride-By-Wire system: the torque requested by the rider via the throttle and brake is processed by the integrated electronic management system which, on the basis of a number of parameters (such as battery charge, for example), splits the power delivery between the power plants.

When decelerating and braking, the management system recovers energy and accumulates it in the battery; – energy which is wasted in normal vehicles.

The hybrid modes (Hybrid Charge for maximum battery charge, and Hybrid Power, for maximum performance) have been conceived to allow the user to manage and optimise performance, consumption and battery charge capacity.

In full electric mode, Hybrid fully disengages the petrol engine to turn into a silent, electric vehicle with zero exhaust emissions.

The reverse mode, which uses the electric motor, is particularly useful when parking. Ride-by-Wire control not only enables the system to manage the combined power delivery of the two powerplants as effectively as possible, but also “forces” the petrol engine to operate at maximum efficiency, reducing specific fuel consumption and offering significant advantages in terms of reduced fuel consumption and emissions.

So much technology hidden out of sight. Visually Piaggio Mp3 Hybrid is identical to the conventional engined version it is based on: and offers the same safety features and rider enjoyment that make the Piaggio Mp3 family such a hit.

Piaggio MP3 Hybrid is the first vehicle in the world to combine plug-in charging from the mains with lithium ion batteries which – with their superior energy density and reliability – offering higher performance, greater lightness and increased longevity than the technologies currently in use.

The battery pack, with integrated control electronics, is hidden away in the compartment under the saddle, which still has enough room to accommodate a helmet and other objects. An indicator integrated into the dashboard lets the rider keep a constant eye on the battery charge level.

The vehicle is charged easily from the mains with a normal electrical cable, plugged into the relative socket with the panel switched off. The full charge cycle takes approximately three hours , although 85% charge is achieved in just two hours.

Piaggio MP3 Hybrid – Technical Specifications

Internal

combustion engine capacity

124 cc

(bore x stroke – 57 x 48.6 mm)

Thermodynamic

cycle

Otto

cycle 4 stroke

Valve

gear

Single

overhead cam, four valves

Cooling

system

Liquid

Ignition

system

Inductive

discharge digital electronic ignition

Hybrid

powertrain power

11 kW

(15 CV) at 8,500 rpm

Hybrid

powertrain torque

16 Nm

at 3,000 rpm

Electric

motor

Synchronous

brushless permanent magnet motor

Power

supply voltage

Three-phase

alternating current

Electric

motor control

Digitally

controlled inverter

Electric

motor cooling system

Air

Electric

motor power

2.6 kW

(3.5 CV)

Electric

motor torque

15 Nm

Drive

modes

4

modes: 2 hybrid, 2 electric (including reverse)

Battery

charge modes

During

braking and deceleration on the move, and from the mains (battery charger

integrated in on-board electronics)

Traction

batteries

Lithium

ion batteries

Transmission

Variator

with centrifugal and torque control

Engine

control system

 

Ride-by-Wire

with closed loop fuel injection system

Exhaust

Catalytic

converter

Chassis

Double cradle in high strength tubular

steel

Front suspension

Articulated quadrilateral consisting of four aluminium arms sustaining two steering tubes, and pull rod suspension geometry with offset wheel axle

Rear suspension

Two dual action hydraulic shock

absorbers with adjustable spring preload

Front brake

Two

240 mm Ø stainless steel discs and floating calliper with two 30 mm Ø pistons

Rear brake

240 mm

Ø stainless steel disc and calliper with horizontally opposed 30 mm Ø pistons

Front wheel rim

Die-cast aluminium alloy 12″ x

3.00

Rear wheel rim

Die-cast aluminium alloy 14″ x

3.75

Front tyre

Tubeless 120/70-12”

Rear tyre

Tubeless 140/60-14”

Length/Width

2,140 mm / 760 mm

Wheelbase

1,490 mm

Seat height

780 mm

Fuel tank capacity

12 litres (including 1.8 litre reserve)

Consumption (2/3 of cycle in hybrid

mode 1/3 in electric mode)

60 km/l

CO2 emissions (2/3 of cycle

in hybrid mode 1/3 in electric mode)

40 g/Km

Emissions compliance

Euro3

 

Ron Lieback
Ron Lieback
One of the few moto journalists based on the East Coast, Ron Lieback joined the motorcycle industry as a freelancer in 2007, and is currently Online Editor at Ultimate Motorcycling. He is also the author of "365 to Vision: Modern Writer's Guide (How to Produce More Quality Writing in Less Time).

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